Monday, May 15, 2017

THCv is the new CBD

This article is going to explain a lot of things very quickly, so that those who already understand and those who don't know anything about any of this can all understand.

Within the past few years (5-10 years) CBD has become more Politically palatable and more "morally" acceptable than outright Marijuana and THC legalization, medical or recreational (or Religious). CBD is less Psychoactive, meaning that it has medicinal benefits but less noticeable mental effects (this has even been misrepresented as "CBD is medical, THC is recreational", which is incorrect in that CBD can help with seizures etc, but you need THC for tumors and Cancer). An example of how common these CBD laws are would be Texas, Texas now has the Compassionate Care Act, and "Low THC Marijuana" is legal. This doesn't mean brick weed, though it could be interpreted that way, it is meant to say "High CBD Low THC Marijuana". Texas is supposed to have dispensaries by 2018, but will not provide prescriptions for Chronic pain. There are Marijuana strains such as Charlotte's Web, which contain high CBD and low THC, and various "Charlotte's Web Law"s have been enacted across America. More than 25 States have enacted Medical Laws at this time.

Here is a list of CBD strains. At this point if you grow a CBD strain you are part of a large group that includes nearly 50 states across America, and growing a CBD strain could soon become a thing that allows you to make money in many states across America as they open dispensaries, and the dispensaries search for genetics. (But THCv is coming up next and no one knows about it yet)

Ringo's Gift
Sweet and Sour Widow
Stephen Hawking Kush
That has been going on for a few years now. And THC means Tetrahydrocannabidiol, while CBD just means Cannabidiol. So THC is TH-CBD.

The following images show how similar the various Cannabinoids are.

THCv is common in African Marijuana strains and has yet to be commonly seen in dispensaries, or commonly understood to exist on the shelves of the Medical Marijuana community. Some dispensaries may have an African strain or a few African strains, but they are not yet common. And there are still very few cross bred Africa strains, just as an example, Durban Poison X White Widow or something like that, there is no common strain with cross bred African genetics, and Durban Poison is probably the most widespread Africa strain, but most people don't even realize that it is an African strain. If you don't know what Landrace is, now is a good time to get African Landrace seeds, this is currently a completely untapped market for breeding. Most people buy Femenized seeds and think of seeds found in bags of reggie are useless, but you can actually breed your reggie seeds with other seeds, and when you buy seeds you can buy regular seeds instead of femenized seeds and breed those. In order to make femenized seeds you just add silver to the soil of your grow, or rub colloidial silver all over your plants, and they will become hermaphrodites and they will create femenized seeds. But if you take a male and a female plant, say Durban Poison and some kind of Kush. So Dubran X Kush. Then you breed the Durban X Kush with the Durban. So you have a plant that is 25% Kush and 75% Durban, then you have a  plant with selected genetics, and you can select whatever strain you want to do that with.

Here are the Medical uses for THCv:

Following is a List of African Strains. These strains are still extremely rare, and some may actually require a person to go to Africa and buy Marijuana with seeds in it in order to find:

Durban Poison
Apondo Mystic
Coffee Gold
Durban Magic
Swazi Gold
Nigerian 99
Swazi 99
Angola Veroe
Congo (Zaire)
Congo #1
Cabo Verde
Swazi Red
Jahwi's Joy (Ghana)
Angola x Banghi
Lesotho x Uzbeki
Misty Kei
Sotho Heights
Malawi Gold
Malawi Gold x Columbian Gold

If anyone reading this does not understand Strains, an example of a Strain that everyone knows about is Kush, you have probably heard of Kush. Kush comes from the Hindu Kush mountains in India. The word Ganja comes from the Ganges river, and the word Indica means "From India". Most people think that Marijuana comes from Native American Indians, but it actually comes from Asian Indians (India) and Africa. The 2 primary Species of Marijuana are Indica and Sativa, there is also a 3rd called Rudaralis. From these 3 species comes thousands of Strains, many strain originating from the Mixture of 2 Landrace (National/Regional) strains. Amsterdam is a mecca of Marijuana strains and Coffee strains because the Dutch were a large part of the British Empire (which can be botanically indicated by tea. Tea is British, it is Chinese and it is Indian.). But the Dutch seem to have kept more.

Kush Strains. Kush is now a well established strain around the world, with many crossbreeds in regular circulation and they are mostly easy to find:

Chitral (Pakistan)
Pink Kush
Tahoe OG Kush
Strawberry Diesel Kush
Snoop’s Church
Bubba Kush
Purple Bubba Kush
Kandy Kush
Purple Kush
Pineapple Kush
Blackberry Kush
OG Kush
Violator Kush
Organic Purple Kush
Champagne Kush
Blueberry Kush
Super OG Master Kush
Blackberry Kush
Venom OG Kush
Fraggle Rock
Snoop’s Master Kush
Super OG Master Kush
Redwood Kush
Sticky Icky OG Kush
Moonlight OG Kush
Yoda OG Kush
3 kings
Black Rhino OG Kush
Obama OG Kush
OG Darth Vader
OG Michael Phelps
God’s Gift

So basically right now:

Kush is a well established recreational, medical and Religious Marijuana family.

CBD is a safe bet medically and commercially and is a pretty common Cannabinoid, that is pretty widely accepted.

THCv is hard to find, not well established in any community, and has medical value outside of the established medical strains.

THCv X Kush and THCv X CBD is basically uncharted waters. And there are many other strains. Ex: Mexico is Sativa strains, White Widow comes from Thai Landrace X Brazilian Landrace. Indica is short fat buds with 1 branch usually, with tons of trichs and good for making hash. Sativa has branches and long buds. CBD can usually be found in Indica, while THCv is  can be found in Sativa, but not all Indicas or Sativas are high in these.

If anyone is confused about how 3 Species of Marijuana can create so many strains. Look at Tomatoes, or Onions or Grapes.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017


"All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasha (आकाश) or luminferous ether, which is acted upon by the life giving Prana (प्राण) or creative force, calling into existence, in never-ending cycles all things and phenomena."
-Nikola Tesla, Man's Greatest Achievement


An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current. For reasons of cost and simplicity, most alternators use a rotating magnetic field with a stationary armature. Occasionally, a linear alternator or a rotating armature with a stationary magnetic field is used. In principle, any AC electrical generator can be called an alternator, but usually the term refers to small rotating machines driven by automotive and other internal combustion engines. Large 50 or 60 Hz three phase alternators in power plants generate most of the world's electric power, which is distributed by electric power grids. Alternators are also in Cars, they allow the Car to recharge its battery as it Drives, which is why if your Car battery dies you just have to drive around for a little while after getting it jumped in order for it to be able to start working regularly again, until you can get a new one.

This is a row of Alternators at a Power Plant

Faraday's law of induction is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (EMF)—a phenomenon called electromagnetic induction. It is the fundamental operating principle of transformers, inductors, and many types of electrical motors, generators and solenoids.

Maxwell's equations are a set of partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electrodynamics, classical optics, and electric circuits. These fields in turn underlie modern electrical and communications technologies. Maxwell's equations describe how electric and magnetic fields are generated and altered by each other and by charges and currents. They are named after the physicist and mathematician James Clerk Maxwell, who published an early form of those equations between 1861 and 1862.

Electrical Engineering Books:


Solar Technology
"Alexandre Edmond Becquerel created the world's first photovoltaic cell in 1839. In this experiment, silver chloride was placed in an acidic solution and illuminated while connected to platinum electrodes, generating voltage and current. Because of this work, the photovoltaic effect has also been known as the "Becquerel effect". The Photovoltaic effect, a process in which two dissimilar materials in close contact produce an electrical voltage when struck by light or other radiant energy. Light striking crystals such as silicon or germanium, in which electrons are usually not free to move from atom to atom within the crystal, provides the energy needed to free some electrons from their bound condition. Free electrons cross the junction between two dissimilar crystals more easily in one direction than in the other, giving one side of the junction a negative charge and, therefore, a negative voltage with respect to the other side, just as one electrode of a battery has a negative voltage with respect to the other. The photovoltaic effect can continue to provide voltage and current as long as light continues to fall on the two materials. This current can be used to measure the brightness of the incident light or as a source of power in an electrical circuit, as in a solar power system."

Solar Powered Alternators and Generators;jsessionid=14FF1B6EAF77B77E067BCF6BDD8EF26F?sequence=1

Quantum Dots in Photovoltaics
A quantum dot solar cell is a solar cell design that uses quantum dots as the absorbing photovoltaic material. It attempts to replace bulk materials such as silicon, copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) or CdTe. Quantum dots have bandgaps that are tunable across a wide range of energy levels by changing the dots' size. In bulk materials the bandgap is fixed by the choice of material(s). This property makes quantum dots attractive for multi-junction solar cells, where a variety of materials are used to improve efficiency by harvesting multiple portions of the solar spectrum.

Dye-Sensitized Photovoltaics
A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC, DSC or DYSC) is a low-cost solar cell belonging to the group of thin film solar cells. It is based on a semiconductor formed between a photo-sensitized anode and anelectrolyte, a photoelectrochemical system. The modern version of a dye solar cell, also known as the Grätzel cell, was originally co-invented in 1988 by Brian O'Regan and Michael Grätzel at UC Berkeley and this work was later developed by the aforementioned scientists at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne until the publication of the first high efficiency DSSC in 1991.

Carrier Multiplication in Photovoltaics
In solar cell research, carrier multiplication is the phenomenon wherein the absorption of a single photon leads to the excitation of multiple electrons from the valence band to conduction band. In the theory of a conventional solar cell, each photon is only able to excite one electron across the band gap of the semiconductor, and any excess energy in that photon is dissipated as heat. In a material with carrier multiplication, high-energy photons excite on average more than one electron across the band gap, and so in principle the solar cell can produce more useful work.

Colloids in Photovoltaics,+Quantum-confinement-effect+google+books&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAGoVChMI0OOfh8PPyAIVCVOICh0VyQDq#v=onepage&q&f=false

Thiols in Photovoltaics

Nanocrystal Acid Treatments in Photovoltaics

Photoelectrochemical cells
Photoelectrochemical cells or PECs are solar cells that produce electrical energy or hydrogen in a process similar to the electrolysis of water.

Thermophotovoltaic Cells
Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion is a direct conversion process from heat to electricity via photons. A basic thermophotovoltaic system consists of a thermal emitter and a photovoltaic diode cell.

Micro-Thermophotovoltaic Cells

Dual-Thermophotovoltaic Cells
Thermophotovoltaic Monolithic Interconnected Modules

Photovoltaic Design
Geometrical Photovoltaic design for shade tolerance

Photovoltaic Materials:
Amorphous silicon (a-Si) is the non-crystalline form of silicon used for solar cells and thin-film transistors in LCD displays. Used as semiconductor material for a-Si solar cells, or thin-film silicon solar cells, it is deposited in thin films onto a variety of flexible substrates, such as glass, metal and plastic. Amorphous silicon cells generally feature low efficiency, but are one of the most environmentally friendly photovoltaic technologies, since they do not use any toxic heavy metals such as cadmium or lead.

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic. It is a III-V direct bandgap semiconductor with a zinc blende crystal structure. Gallium arsenide is used in the manufacture of devices such as microwave frequency integrated circuits, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, infrared light-emitting diodes, laser diodes, solar cells and optical windows.

Cadmium telluride (CdTe) is a stable crystalline compound formed from cadmium and tellurium. It is mainly used as the semiconducting material in cadmium telluride photovoltaics and an infrared optical window. It is usually sandwiched with cadmium sulfide to form a p-n junction solar PV cell. Typically, CdTe PV cells use a n-i-p structure.

Copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) is a I-III-VI2 semiconductor material composed of copper, indium, gallium, and selenium. The material is a solid solution of copper indium selenide (often abbreviated "CIS") and copper gallium selenide. It has a chemical formula of CuInxGa(1-x)Se2 where the value of x can vary from 1 (pure copper indium selenide) to 0 (pure copper gallium selenide). CIGS is a tetrahedrally bonded semiconductor, with the chalcopyrite crystal structure, and a bandgap varying continuously with x from about 1.0 eV (for copper indium selenide) to about 1.7 eV (for copper gallium selenide).

Concentrator photovoltaics & High concentrator photovoltaics
Concentrator photovoltaics (CPV) is a photovoltaic technology that generates electricity from sunlight. Contrary to conventional photovoltaic systems, it uses lenses and curved mirrors to focus sunlight onto small, but highly efficient, multi-junction (MJ) solar cells. In addition, CPV systems often use solar trackers and sometimes a cooling system to further increase their efficiency.[2]:30 Ongoing research and development is rapidly improving their competitiveness in the utility-scale segment and in areas of high solar insolation. This sort of solar technology can be thus used in smaller areas. Especially systems using high concentrator photovoltaics (HCPV), have the potential to become competitive in the near future. They possess the highest efficiency of all existing PV technologies, and a smaller photovoltaic array also reduces the balance of system costs. Currently, CPV is not used in the PV roof top segment and far less common than conventional PV systems. For regions with a high annual direct normal irradiance of 2000 kilowatt-hour (kWh) per square meter or more, the levelized cost of electricity is in the range of $0.08–$0.15 per kWh and installation cost for a 10-megawatt CPV power plant was identified to lie between €1.40–€2.20 per watt-peak (Wp).

Concentrated solar power (also called concentrating solar power, concentrated solar thermal, and CSP) systems generate solar power by using mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area. Electricity is generated when the concentrated light is converted to heat, which drives a heat engine (usually a steam turbine) connected to an electrical power generator or powers a thermochemical reaction.

Photonics is the science of light (photon) generation, detection, and manipulation through emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, and detection/sensing. Though covering all light's technical applications over the whole spectrum, most photonic applications are in the range of visible and near-infrared light.

Photonic Integrated Circuits
A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) or integrated optical circuit is a device that integrates multiple (at least two) photonic functions and as such is similar to an electronic integrated circuit. The major difference between the two is that a photonic integrated circuit provides functionality for information signals imposed on optical wavelengths typically in the visible spectrum or near infrared 850 nm-1650 nm.

Monday, May 8, 2017


Video guide

Building headless Bitcoin on Windows

Here is a written guide

Here is a thread where someone asked a question, and linked a guide

Here is how to create a Cryptonote

Free & paid coin creation site

Coin generator

Paid coin creation

Price converter

Source Codes

More source code

IPhone Bitcoin Wallets

Android Bitcoin Wallets

Browser Wallets

Paper Wallets

Bitcoin Miners


Bitcoin Charts

Bitcoin Tickers

These aren't really coins, but are contracts that are kind of like coins. Kind of like shares of a company that are represented by coins/tokens. They can be used various ways, but are usually advertised as if they are Cryptocurrency, but are not really. Open Ledger username)/assets/

But if you are going to pay for a Bitshares asset, which is expensive, you might as well just pay for your own coin. The only reason you would want an asset over a coin is if you wanted to have complete control over it, where people don't mine it, you distribute it to them like a share of a company.

Another collection of guides (good ranked list)

Compile guide for Windows on Linux

A few cloning guides

Not exactly sure what this is, it claims to be an in wallet coin creator, and I assume it is like the ethereum and bitshares assets/contracts, but it may actually be an in wallet coin creator.

Adding premine to coin

Genesis Blocks
Most of the guides include this information, but I'm adding it just so that there is as much information in this thread as possible

Genesis block Generator

Here's a complete guide on creating genesis block, how to edit the source code and control the network:

Bitcoin cloning guide

Another guide

A thread where someone has a problem making a coin

Another guide

I have not actually watched this show yet, but while searching for guides I saw a coin with a name similar to the coin in the show, so I thought I would add it here. It's a show about an altcoin startup.

Questions and answers about genesis block

Learncoin (the coin in the video guides) on Berkley's website


Another guide

More genesis block info

Bitcoin protocol

Another guide

Here is the Practice coin thread on Bitcointalk

Another guide

Discussion about forking ETH

According to at least this person, cloning Ethereum is extremely easy and he says there are only 2 steps

Some developer links

Another guide

Another guide

Cryptonote, apparently they don't mind people making new coins and believe in plurality, which would probably be a refreshing difference in launching compared to the normal 'shitcoin' reception that most new coins get.

I'm looking for Cryptonote and Crpytonight cloning guides, but I found these CPU and GPU miners for Cryptonote incase anyone needs them.

To Fork a coin, just find it on Github and click the fork icon that says "fork". If you click the part that actually has the word fork on it, it will fork the coin and you can go in and change things.

Important things to change when making a new coin:

Find and replace all of the old coin's names for your coin's name in the main.cpp file
(check for lowercase, uppercase, and also with the word "coin" uppercase and lowercase)

Find and replace all the coin identifiers and replace with yours (Ex: Changing Litecoin's [LTC] to Dogecoin's [DOGE])

Change number of coins rewarded in a block where is says "Subsidy"

Change Block time

Change Difficulty (called "Target")

Change Block height and halving time.

Genesis block to "x0" meaning you just delete all the numbers after x0, everywhere there is a genesis block.

I am not sure about forks, but with clones you want to also remove the Merkle root.

Then change the headline to a headline from that day so people know what day you made it.

Change Epoch time to the current epoch time (google "current epoch time")

Remove the Nnonce

Remove the Checkpoints (you need 1)

Change ports if you want

Making some fancy graphics

After that, it's just compiling the coin, and running it (with a fatal error on purpose) to get the Merkle and Nnonce, and mining the Genesis block. Make sure you have uncompiled code also, so you can put the Merkle and everything in it.

Then use Gitian Builder to build the wallet.

And at that point you have a coin and it just has to go up on Github and be mined.

I am going to try to make a coin this weekend and post what I am doing here as I do it, then if that doesn't work I have a friend that helped me build a coin (we had to figure this out together, which is where I got this information and why I decided to put this thread together) but we couldn't get it to compile because we used an old guide so we got '-lboost_system' errors. So if my coin doesn't work this weekend, the guy I am making a coin with is going to try the coin we have been working on on CentOS next week instead of Ubuntu (which we were using because it was in the guide), and he is better with CentOS than Ubuntu. And if that doesn't work I will just make a coin after I take some classes or when I find someone else who is interested while I am taking classes.

Programmer's Guide to Ethereum and Serpent

A Treatise on Altcoins

Friday, May 5, 2017

You Can't Have a Revoltuion Without Education, Part 1

When people hear the word "Revolution" it brings to mind different things for different people. Some people automatically think of the American Revolution and the Founding Fathers, such as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, some people think of the French Revolution and Guillotines, and some people think of the Cuban Revolution and Central/South American Revolutions. But these ideas are often very vague. You can not have a Revolution without Education about Societal structures and previous Revolutions.

Here are various Revolutionaries, many of which were part of successful Revolutions.
This is Mohamed Boudiaf who was a leader of the National Liberation Front (FLN) in Algeria. At the time Algeria was a French Colony. The French ruled Algeria from across the Mediterranean with a mix of bureaucracy and force, failing to win hearts and minds. The National Liberation Front built slowly and eventually exploded across Algeria and pushed the French out of Algeria using various tactics including Guerilla warfare.
This is Gandhi, who was a primary part of the Indian Independence movement, which started due to an apartheid system in which the Indian people were considered racially inferior within their own country. During this time there were many Revolutionaries, including many which were hung by the British and the Dutch imperialists, but Gandhi was the main Revolutionary which gained independence for India by getting Indians to disobey laws en mass, which clogged the system and caused the Imperial state to fail.
This is Che Guevara, who was a wealthy physician from Argentina who took a road trip on a Motorcycle and saw the plight of the working class and began the Cuban Revolution which was eventually won by Fidel Castro.
This is Pancho Villa who was the Commander of the Northern forces in the Mexican Revolution which started due to problems with the Presidential Electoral system in Mexico mixed with an extremely centralized Government where the President had "Political Bosses" running various regions of Mexico under him. The Mexican Revolution was a full blown armed conflict similar to the American Civil war.
This is the Ayatollah Khomeini who became the leader of Iran after the Iranian Revolution. The Iranian Revolution occurred after Britain decided to install the Shah as the leader of Iran in order to take control of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company of Iran, which is now called British Petroleum (BP).
This is Jean-Paul Marat, who was a major leader in the French Revolution. You have probably heard the phrase "Let them eat cake" and while this may seem like it was a harmless phrase, it comes from a time when French people were having so many economic problems that they could not even make bread, and Marie Antoinette said "Let them eat cake" while she and the other members of her class were not experiencing the any of the economic issues of the French people. Jean-Paul Marat engineered much of the French Revolution from a bathtub, as he had a rare condition which forced him to stay in the water. This is the Revolution where Guillotines were used to chop off the heads of the upper class, and did not end until the advent of Photography, which showed the beheading in their raw form rather than as artist depictions.

Part 2 coming soon.