Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Guide for Making Your Own Plant Strain & Different Kinds of Hash

The only real thing keeping people from breeding their own strains is that now most places Feminize a LOT of their seeds. If you are going to breed a strain, you need to get a Male plant. So start off by growing regular seeds, not feminized. Then once you get a male, make clones.

Spotting a Male is also not very hard, what you do is make clones of your plants and put the new cuttings in the dark for 24 hrs, or put them on a 12/12 light cycle. They will eventually show you which ones are male and which are female.

Once you have males, you can then get Feminized seeds. If you want to make your own strain, you need to make sure you have 2 different strains, 1 strain male, 1 strain female. Then you pollenate the female and you will get seeds if you do it right. keeping them together in a grow room with a fan is also a good idea.



Once you have seeds, you breed the seeds with their brothers and sisters. This is called "Locking in the Genetics". You have probably seen the Square with the 4 Genetic things, at this point you can choose exactly which genetics you want to show themselves and after a few breeding cycles you will have the "Phenotypes", that is what is in the 4 squares. This is how a strain is stabilized, and you have a new strain. This can also be done with different kinds of Tomatoes, I plant on eventually making some Mixed breed tomatoes using Australian Beefsteak tomatoes, which are huge and weird. And there are like 1,000,000 different kinds of tomatoes to mix it with.

I have been studying Plant Breeding because I grow Medical Marijuana and a few different kinds of dream herbs, and I found "Intergenetic Hybrids". Most people think that Species means things that can breed, but can't breed with other species, but this definition is not true. If 2 species are close enough, they can breed. These are known as "Intergenetic Hybrids". Orchids produce these readily between every species, and other examples are Mules, and Ligers and Tygons. There are also a few other possibilities for Hybrids.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_%28biology%29

I have been looking Mainly in to the Mint and Pepper families, and
there are TONS of different possible breeding patterns because those 2 families are huge. And I have a theory that if I Graft 2 plants together that are different species and different gender, it will be easier to breed them together. I know that if I make sure there are no breeding partners of the same species, that will definitely help.
My plan with this is to create new plants, that possibly have new Terpenes. Or higher levels of Terpenes than the parent plants. Then those plants can be used in Perfume making.


Caryophyllene is not very commonly known, but this is what they use to train Dogs to smell for Marijuana. Marijuana contains a good amount of Caryophyllene and so do other plants, examples are: Cloves, Hops, Basil & Oregano. Caryophyllene actually attaches to the CB1 receptor, but the plants that contain it are not illegal because it is not similar to THC in structure, Caryophyllene is actually the first Cannabinoid to be approved as a food additive by the FDA. Uziza leaf or the Uziza Peppercorns are the best source for Caryophyllene, Uziza is related to the Pepper plant and it is popular in Nigeria, but it has not been common in Europe since the Middle Ages. In Nigeria they use Pepper, Uziza, and other spices like "Grains of Paradise" that we do not use commonly here.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caryophyllene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piper_guineense
 
Caryophyllene is known a "Terpene". Cannabis contains a number of Terpenes, and another Major one is Lemonene/Biphenyl. They have found that Lemonene can actually effect your mood when smoked or ingested, and they are doing further research, in which I am pretty sure they are going to find that Lemonoids are an entire class of Cannabinoids.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limonoid


Myrcene is another Major Terpene in Cannabis. It is the most abundant Terpene in Hops, which means they are a large portion of what makes Beer what it is. It is also found in Lemon Grass and Indian Bay Leaves.
Myrcene itself has Opiod Analgesic (Pain Killer) effects, but it also helps THC cross the Blood Brain Barrier, allowing less Marijuana or Hash to have more of an effect.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myrcene


Terpenes are an over arching group, but there are Diterpenes and Triterpenes and Sesquiterpenes, etc. And you can find them in pretty much every plant. Terpenes make up pretty much the entire world of Natural Smells and Medicines. Everything from Lemon Peels, to Tree Sap, to Cooking Herbs, to Catnip, Essential Oils,Aromatherapy oils etc etc etc. It all has some kind of Terpene in it.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesquiterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetraterpene
 


Kava Kava contains the Cannabinoid "Yangonin" along with a number of Kavalactones.

Sea Urchin Roe contains Anandamide, which is a Cannabinoid that is also naturally made in your brain. Another natural Cannabinoid made by the brain is 2-AG.

There are things called "Cannabinoid Reuptake Inhibitors" and the make it where Cannabinoids in your brain stay there until they are used up. An example of this is Tylenol, which breaks down in to AM-404. Other Cannabinoid reuptake inhibitors are not as easy to find.
  
 
If you would like to make plant extractions, the best way is to get a chemistry still to distill things, you just make a tea and boil the tea away to the other side. You can use this to boil Banana peels, Lemon peels, Cinnamon, Lemon Grass, Roses etc and get essential oils.

Dry Extraction can be done if you have a metal screen. Most hand Grinders have this built in, and the plant material has most of the essential oils left in it after this process. This process is only really good for things like Marijuana that have trichombs you can do things with.

You can also make "Solvent hash" which is usually more crude, but it has the ability of extracting more. You can actually put plant material in a still, then extract it with solvents and still get things. Solvent extract will usually get plant material too though, which makes the end result less desirable. But this can be used on everything from tree bark, to grass, to leaves, to flowers, to cacti, to fungi. This is usually poured through some type of coffee filter or cheese cloth or even paper towels to keep plant material out. Some solvents can catch fire, so if you do this, don't do it indoors or while smoking. The solvent will have to evaporate, and different solvents evaporate at different rates. The faster the evaporation, the more flammable it is.

This is how (without the evaporation step) Absinthe was made in the past, which was and is a wormwood Thujone/Full spectrum extraction. Some artists would put opium in their Absinthe to give it more of an effect. If you do this with Marijuana, you get a tincture.

You can do a water extraction, then use the same material for a solvent extraction. These extractions are usually done with a Mesh bag with a Micron above 25, but below 300. You can even use multiple bags and get multiple grades. Bubble bags or Wacky bags or one of those are what Marijuana hash is usually made with.

Butter and other oils can also be used to extract things from plants, but again, you can use the leftover plant material in water or solvent extractions still. People use this method to make Marijuana cookies and brownies, and it can be used for other plants as well.

If you do this with Glycerin you are making vapor oil.

BHO, Butane Hash Oil is probably the cleanest form of Solvent Hash, but Butane is extremely flammable and evaporates extremely fast, especially if it is in a Hot water bath. This is made by putting plant material in an airtight space, and spraying butane through it. The Butane extracts the essential oils, then comes out through a filter. If you put lemon grass and Marijuana in the extractor, you can get a mixture that allows you to use less hash to get your medicinal effects. Unless you need clinical grade, then that is the opposite of what you need. My brother died because doctors were scared of Marijuana, he was 10 years old and they thought it was too dangerous to give him Marijuana, and now he is dead. But if we had a pure extract in a bottle a doctor could put in a syringe and stick in an unconscious patient's arm, knowing it is clean and clinical grade. What I am showing you is medical grade, not clinical grade.

CO2 is how you make cleaner, safer BHO. Same method, but with CO2 canisters.

Then in India what they do with their Marijuana leafs and stems is let them sit in milk, then strain it out. And drink the milk, and since milk is on the Ph scale, it can extract at a VERY weak rate.

You can also "Polarize" the contents of some plants to make it even purer. You have to learn about Alkaloids to do that though, and know what to buy for the one you are using. People use Turkey basters, or gravy pourers, or the put it in their bong and blow instead of suck. Because once they naturally separate you have to actually get the layer you want. One layer will have alkaloids, one layer will have resins. Freezing it helps it separate also. And there is a chemistry tool known as a "Separatory Funnel" that is good for this.

 In Perfuming there are 3 options. Enflourage, Concrete and Absolute.

Enflourage is plant material extracted in to a fat or oil. Ex: Coconut Oil, Butter, Vegetable Oil, Olive Oil, etc.

Concrete is an extraction that is dried. Ex: You could make strong dark Tea with a plant, then evaporate the water by boiling it all away, and you would have concrete of that plant. You could also let a plant sit in Alcohol or another Solvent, then filter out the plant material. Then let the solvent evaporate. Then you have Concrete also. Dry sifting also makes a form of Concrete.

Concrete can be used as Incense.

Absolute is a more pure extract. To get absolute you can do a few different things. The most common is distillation. This is the same way people make Moonshine. You make a dark tea with the plant, then put it in a Still and evaporate it to the other side. Any steam extraction method with get you Absolute. The Chemistry way to make Absolute is to do an extraction in a non-Polar Solvent, then do a wash with a Polar solvent. Or Polarization, Winterization and Filtration.

This will create a produce Perfume grade stuff.

If you are going to make a Perfume, usually you would get something called "Perfumer's Alcohol" and you would mix your Absolute with that, and other things like Lemonene or whatever Terpene you want in there.

In the Perfume industry they use the Molecule "Caryophyllene" to make Marijuana perfumes. I am pretty sure you could make something that smelled like Marijuana if you make Absolute from Patchouli and Uziza.
 
Separatory Funnel
http://www.amazon.com/American-Educational-Conical-Separatory-Capacity/dp/B006580L96/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1418961395&sr=8-1&keywords=separatory+funnel

Polar Substances
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_polarity

Winterizing (Freezing to make solids fall and liquids separate)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winterization_(of_oil)



1 comment:

  1. Wow! TY for so much good info in one place. Very helpful.

    ReplyDelete